Western Balkans Coalition for Genocide and Mass Atrocity Crimes Prevention

Siege of Sarajevo

Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, situated along the Miljacka River and surrounded by steep mountain slopes. Following the European Communities recognition of BiH as a sovereign state, on 6 April 1992, fighting broke out between the Yugoslav People’s Army and non-Serb residents in the capital and neighbouring villages. From May 1992 until December 1995, the city was subjected to blockades, day-to-day shelling and sniping by Bosnian Serb forces and, in particular, its Sarajevo Romanija Corps. For more than three and a half years, Bosnian Serb forces indiscriminately killed and wounded thousands of civilians in the campaign designed to keep the population in a constant state of terror. The life of virtually every Sarajevo inhabitant became a daily struggle to survive. Without electricity or running water, people were forced to venture outside to find basic living necessities, often risking death. The siege ended in December 1995.