In 2004, a working group which was a part of the Commission for investigating crimes in and around Srebrenica that occurred from 10 to 19 July 1995, proved that 21,150 people directly or indirectly took part in the preparations and fulfillment of the Srebrenica genocide. The Commission for investigating these crimes in and around Srebrenica was established by the Government of the Republika Srpska.
In 2007, the International Court of Justice found that Serbia had committed a breach of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide by failing to prevent the genocide from occurring, for not cooperating with the ICTY in punishing the perpetrators of the genocide, and for violating its obligation to comply with the provisional measures ordered by the Court.
The International Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbian courts have sentenced more than fifty people to more than 700 years in prison for crimes committed in Srebrenica. Of the twenty one judgments the ICTY made about crimes committed in Srebrenica, eight contained guilty verdicts for the crime of genocide. Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina passed 25 judgements for crimes committed in Srebrenica, and thirteen of those judgements included the crime of genocide. And in the Republic of Serbia, five judgements relating to Srebrenica have been delivered, including for war crimes against the civilian population and violations of the laws and customs of war.